The dark reality of infanticide behind Matthew 1:21

Why knowledge of the culture of first-century life in the Mediterranean matters.

Newman Research Centre for the Bible and its Reception

One of the things that provoked discussion at last week’s Advent Seminar concerned a remark made by Leon Morris (1992: 29) that the angel’s instruction that “[Mary] will bear a son, and you are to name him Jesus…” (Matt 1:21a) is, in the context of Mary’s predicament, highly significant.

It is important to remember that in pre-industrial societies marriage was not simply an agreement between two individuals, but a contract between two families. In ancient Mediterranean cultures, betrothal would have usually been initiated with a meal at the woman’s parent’s home (M. Pesachim 3:7), this would also be attended by the payment of an indirect dowry (M. Ketubot 5.2); a negotiated payment by the ‘groom’s’ family paid to the betrothed couple. This would have been part of the overall Bride-wealth.

VIOLATION AND BETRAYAL

Therefore, Mary’s unexpected pregnancy was not only a violation of sexually appropriate behaviour, but it could have…

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